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Cutts, Thomas, Jr. (1769-1839) | Maine Maritime Museum Manuscript Collection Online Catalog

Name: Cutts, Thomas, Jr. (1769-1839)

Historical Note:

Thomas Cutts, Foxwell, son of Thomas Cutts Sr. and Elizabeth Scammon, was born on June 8, 1769 in Pepperellborough (now Saco), Maine. He married Elizabeth Hight (d. 1803) on January 31, 1802. They had son William Temple (b.1803-d. at sea). He remarried Mary Augusta Cook (d. 1866) daughter of Honorable Orchard Cook on June 2, 1807. They had children Mary Elizabeth (b. 1810-d.1878), Thos. (b. 1810) and Julia Augusta Adelaide (b. 1826-d. 1868).1

Thomas Jr. was a sea captain and a successful merchant. He operated the family shipping business out of Saco with his father and brothers: Foxwell, Dominicus and Richard. The father made him a partner in the family business along with his brothers.2 He succeeded his father as a shipbuilder and ship owner and was put in charge of the large store and shipyard.3 He handled sales and business accounts for the Cutts’ general merchandizing store. He ran the warehouses and engaged in lumbering as well.

Thomas Jr. also went to sea as a captain on his father’s vessels worldwide.2 He corresponded with shipmasters on voyages and at ports concerning cargoes when handling the family business affairs back in Saco. Thomas Jr. owned many vessels including the Mercury (Ship),4 Victory (Ship)5 and the Plumper (Ship).6 The ship Mercury with Captain Samuel Gilpatrick as master was seized on November 3, 1799 by the French privateer La Favorite. Captain Gilpatrick was taken prisoner and the Mercury (Ship) was taken to Basse-Terre. The vessel and cargo were condemned by the French after a trial on November 9, 1799 for not having a “role d’équipage or proof of the cargo’s neutrality.” The vessel was later repossessed by the Cutts in 1800.7 He died in July 1839 at 70 years of age.8 His wife died on June 3, 1866 at 81.1


1. How, Cecil Hampden Cutts. Genealogy of the Cutts Family in America. Albany, New York:  Joel Munsell’s Sons, 1892. Ebook.

2. Emery, George Addison. Colonel Thomas Cutts, Saco’s Most Eminent Citizen in the Country’s Early Days. Saco Maine: 1917. Ebook.

3. Owen, Daniel Edward. Old Times in Saco: A Brief Monograph on Local Events. Saco, Maine: 1891. Ebook.

4. MS-320. Folder 1. Letter “Copy” Book. Letter, May 8, 1796.

5. “Biddeford Pool was Attacked by the British During the War of 1812.” Old News from Southern Maine: Surprising Episodes in the History of Southern Maine. On-line source.  http://www.someoldnews.com/?p=509. 9 October 2012.

6. United States Government Printing Office. Congressional Serial Set. Vol. 147. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1916. Ebook.

7. William, Greg. “The French Assault on American Shipping, 1793-1813: A History and Comprehensive Record of Marine Losses.” North Carolina: MacFarland and Co., 2009. Ebook.

8. ancestry.com

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